Development of new generation machine-building standards to realize the prospects of the high-tech industry — “Industry 4.0”

K.V. Epifantsev

St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, St. Petersburg, Russia

Al’manac of Modern Metrology № 2 (30) 2022, pages 102–116

Abstract. The changes taking place in the engineering cluster are inextricably linked with changes in standards. All technological aspects of modernization, of course, are fixed in the form of legally permitted, standardized systems of design, software and technological document management. Currently, rapidly developing technologies and artificial intelligence methods used in the system of the real sector of the economy are certainly transforming the system of standardization, quality control, and measurement technologies.
The standardization system is largely changing due to two main factors — the growing number of documents in the field of software documentation, the introduction of lean manufacturing standards and a cluster of additive technologies involving the design, testing and control of complex shaped products made of polymer materials.
Also, competition between GOST R-type standards and technical regulations of the Customs Union serves for the possibility of active development of standards. Competition, as you know, always allows you to get better products. No less important elements of standardization in the world are machine-readable standards, which, according to developers, should “explain” complex processes to specialists with visualized, multi- and media data. In addition, machine-readable standards must independently find a “common language” with machine interfaces, independently, without the participation of an operator, changing the old names of elements in the enterprise’s document management system to updated ones, changing tolerances, correcting the technical process. This will be facilitated by artificial intelligence, which will reduce the labor costs of technical writers, norm controllers and specialists in the catologization of products. The transition to such standardization systems was facilitated by the adoption and implementation in 2000 of the ASD S1000D standard (formerly — AECMA S1000D) — a specification for the release of technical documentation using a common database of data modules [1].

Keywords: SMART new generation standards, industrial development, Industry 4.0, machine-readable standards, artificial intelligence, ISO, GOST, European systems of graphical symbols.

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