Almanac of Modern Metrology, no 10 is essentially a continuation of one of previous issues of the journal (No 8), which was dedicated to time and frequency measurements — the most required field of metrological research.
Both editions were prepared based on materials of a first class of the Research and Educational Centre of VNIIFTRI under the professional development program for metrologists.
A greater part of the issue is an article (lecture) under a symbolic name “Time and Frequency measurements. Basic concepts. Oscillators and clocks. Evaluation of accuracy characteristics” listen to with great attention by participants of the training event.
The author of the article is N.B. Koshelyaevsky — one of the honorable scientists of VNIIFTRI, Doctor of Technical Science, a corresponding member of the Metrological Academy and the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky. He is a member of the International group on the thyme of atomic time and the time scale comparison, a member of the International Astronomical Union, the Chair of the TK COOMET on time and frequency.
As a renowned specialist in the field of time and frequency measurements, as the head of one of leading laboratories of MMC SSTF N.B. Koshelyaevsky with excellent erudition has chosen an original way of the article presentation. He has managed not only to develop a thyme, but also aroused great interest to the discussed subject matter and admiration of the audience.
The articles of the second part of Almanac dedicated to the actual thyme — metrological research and evaluation of results of time and frequency measurements are of no less interest.
FOREWORD OF THE CHIEF EDITOR
SSTF and growth spurts of high technologies in the industry page 8
PART I. TIME MEASUREMENTS. MATERIALS OF THE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER OF VNIIFTRI
Time and frequency measurements. Basic concepts. Oscillators and clocks. Evaluation of accuracy characteristics page 12
I. Clocks and scales. Basic concepts
II. Measures for the expression of random instability on frequency and time (DAZE)
III. Ensemble of clocks and time scales
IV. Applications for time and frequency measurements
V. Measuring means for local measurements
VI. Measuring means for comparison of remote clocks and frequency standards
VII. A metric system of units
VIII. Time scales, which are formed by the Department of Time of BIPM
IX. SI units
X. International regulation in the field of metrology
PART II. TIME MEASUREMENTS. THE STUDY OF ERROR CHARACTERISTIC, METROLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE TIME SCALE SYNCHRONIZATION, STABILITY OF TIME STANDARDS
Evaluation of metrological characteristics of the international reference value of the Earth orientation parameters page 151
A.V. Salzberg, K.G. Shupen
The possibility of using the Kalman filter for synchronization and prediction of the time and frequency correction of the on-board time scale of GLONASS system spacecraft page 167
The stability restriction of frequency standards of the fountain type caused by phase noise of an interrogation signal page 180
FOUNDERS OF METROLOGY FIELDS
Lev Nikolayevich Nadeev page 197
Juriy Aleksandrovich Fedorov page 198